Two halls of a new exposition are dedicated to the establishment and activity of the Soviet Union State security agencies from October ,1917 till March, 1953.
This exposition is about:
* the place where the first local extraordinary Committee was established after moving The all-Russian extraordinary Committee to Moscow;
* how the security officers investigated the attempted murder of V. Lenin, the murder of V. Volodarsky and M. Uritsky;
* which conspiracies were revealed by Petrograd security officers during the Civil war;
* how counter-espionage, intelligence and economic management of the all-Russian extraordinary Committee, the joint state political office were created;
* how and whom terminated the criminal activity of the famous thief-recidivist Lyon’ka Panteleev;
* what were the Operations “Trest” and “Syndicate-2”;
* who and how eavesdropped the headquarters of The Russian General military Union in Paris;
* how did the Soviet leadership react to the reports of the Soviet foreign intelligence about Germany's preparation for the war in the late 1930s-early 1940s;
* what were the counter-intelligence organizations in the Soviet Union;
* how did the soviet intelligence and the counter-intelligence struggle against German agents and their panders during the siege in Leningrad.
The exposition represents the establishment and activity of the first Soviet state security agency in Petrograd (All-Russian extraordinary Committee which struggled against the counter-revolution and sabotage). There are documents, photos and personal effects of security officers, who worked in a building located at Gorochovaya street, 2 and the all-Russian extraordinary Committee’s chairman F. Dzerzhinsky. F. Dzerzhinsky’s working office is also situated here.
Normative documents, photos, statistics will show the participation of security officers in the repressive policy of the Soviet Union during the Civil war (Red terror), during the New economic policy, industrialization and collectivization ("Philosophical steamships", "Shakhtinsky’s judicial and political process", repressions of the Red Army’s officers, which was called "Spring case", etc.).
There are biographies of the heads of state security agencies, documents which were connected with the operation named "Former people", legislative acts which led the country to the “Great terror” of 1937 and 1938, the infamous order of People's Commissariat of internal affairs of the USSR, № 00447 (July 30, 1937), the result of which were repressions of "anti-Soviet people", hundreds of thousands of people were dead during those repressions. Multimedia programs will represent repressions of 1940s-1950s ("Leningrad’s litigation", "The case of Doctors-poisoners").
In the new exposition visitors can see the door of the cell of the pre-trial detention house; a bullet fired during the attempted murder of V. Volodarsky; F. Dzerzhinsky’s badge № 1 of the Petrograd branch of the sports society "Dinamo"; personal effects of the Leningrad security officers of the 1920s.: S. Messing, head of counterintelligence and intelligence A. Artuzov, the legendary Soviet intelligence agents D. Bystroletov, V. Lyagin and A. Feklisov’s personal effects are also placed here and other family archive documents; you can watch videos about the history of Russian national state security agencies. Much of the exhibits are demonstrated for the first time.
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